Interior design is a branch of architecture and design that deals with the design of interior spaces of homes, offices, and other commercial and industrial spaces. It involves the arrangement of building elements, furniture as well as the balance of colour, finishes, lighting, and ventilation in a building. While interior design is usually associated with the aesthetic aspects of an indoor space, it also has a hand in the functional aspects of the space. For example, various functional requirements such as acoustical sensitivity, light distribution, fire resistance etc. are all dependant on the finishes for the various building elements inside the space. Interior designers also make heavy use of ornamental as well as functional furniture to complement their designs. Professional interior designers usually work alongside construction companies to offer their services along with the architects employed by those firms but there are freelance interior designers as well as standalone organisations such as interior designers Melbourne. This article will discuss several popular interior design styles based on their colours, furniture, décor, and general atmosphere.
The traditional style of interior design, much like the name suggests, is an attempt to recreate the interior design favoured by nobility of the ancient days. It makes heavy use of wood and rich elements such as fur and carpeting. Decorative elements are wrought in the style of antique European and renaissance design, and furniture is made from timber with the upholstery done in velvet and silk cushions.
Minimalism refers to the state of having very few possessions. This design philosophy has been adopted for interior design where the space is only occupied by the furniture that is essential for the room or space to fulfil its functions. Decorative elements are almost never used, and dull colours such as greys, beige, and white and black are used. The materials commonly used for the furniture include metal and wood and are arranged such that the space looks bigger due to the empty space between elements. Vibrant colours are avoided, although contrasts are used. This design also uses natural light as opposed to artificial light as they can upset the colour balance in the room.
This simply refers to the style of interior design that is popular at the time the design was implemented. Therefore, the designs are quite time sensitive as what may be popular today, may not be popular several years from now. This is often done at the recommendation of various interior designers and architects as they are aware of the current trends in their field and can advise the client on which elements to use.
This refers to a design that utilises mainly natural products and aims for a ‘close to nature’ look for the space. Decorative elements made of organic matter, indoor plants, natural lighting are all aspects of the interior design. The primary materials used are wood, for both furniture and décor. It may be combined with architectural elements such as courtyards for a more authentic look.